Paper Industry

Paper Industry

The other evening, I met Prabhakaran Sivathaanu, a batchmate from St. Stephen’s College. The college, which is based in Delhi, belies its age and looks new whenever you visit. However, some of us former students had clearly grown older and it showed in the reduced acceptance of gastronomical dares at the Chettinad Karaikudi restaurant, where we met for dinner.

Sivathaanu works at Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers Limited (TNPL). I was quite surprised to hear this as I pass their corporate headquarters every day on my way to work. As far as paper-making went, I only had a vague memory of the Sirpur-Kagaz Nagar paper mill seen from a train window, and the power smell of chemicals that reached the railway station from the mill. Of course, we now have the famous JK group’s paper products that are used in the copier and for printing important documents. Over the months since that reunion dinner, I have visited their website, and have been reading about the paper industry in general; an industry almost has forgotten, in the transition to electronic media in all its varied forms.

Gary Bryan Magee, who has earned a D. Phil for his research on the paper industry in Britain and the US, says that the first paper making machine was invented in 1799, in France. It was referred to as the Fourdrinier paper machine. It was imported to Britain and soon paper was being produced in long runs. A typical machine with its many cylindrical rollers is shown in the figure below.

Soon, paper mills were active in all regions of Great Britain and Scotland. The raw materials that were popular then were rag, esparto and later wood. The evolution of technology was gradual and incremental. Mills in the nineteenth century, used to be located near fast-moving streams of water because running water was the source of hydroelectric power. With the advent of coal, this restriction was not there, and mill locations shifted to regions were abundant coal was available.

The economic history of the paper industry is fascinating. The competition within European producers, with Britain leading the pack, and the eventual dominance of the American paper industry, led to the decline from the number one position of the British after being the pioneer in factory production of paper. The trade relations got to the point, was Britain was importing paper from Germany, which is famous for the Heidelberg printing machine.

Returning to the present century, we are all aware that the destruction of the Amazonian rainforest has gained a lot of prominences. Using wood as a raw material for various industries has become frowned upon, as these forests take many years to grow back. Biofriendly alternatives such as bagasse are being used. Bagasse is the residue from cane crop after the juice has been extracted. It is amazing how innovative the industry has become


By Dr. Badri Toppur
Associate Professor, Rajalakshmi School of Business, Chennai
Email –

  1. Wow nice blog, as it explain evolution of paper industry which is useful to make paper based products and raw material comes from cutting of trees. So as a result we are moving to digital media to read news paper as renewable resources takes more than 30 years to grow again.

  2. Hey there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content. Please let me know. Cheers

  3. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the page layout of your website? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  4. Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored at work so I decided to check out your website on my iphone during lunch break. I love the information you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, good site!

  5. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!

  6. I have learn some excellent stuff here. Certainly price bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to make any such excellent informative site.

  7. Hello, you used to write fantastic, but the last several posts have been kinda boring… I miss your great writings. Past several posts are just a little bit out of track! come on!

  8. naturally like your website but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very troublesome to tell the truth nevertheless I’ll certainly come back again.

  9. You actually make it seem really easy along with your presentation but I in finding this topic to be actually something that I believe I’d by no means understand. It kind of feels too complicated and extremely large for me. I’m having a look ahead to your next post, I?¦ll try to get the dangle of it!

  10. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favourite reason seemed to be on the web the easiest factor to take into accout of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed even as other people think about issues that they just do not realize about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest and also defined out the entire thing without having side effect , other folks could take a signal. Will probably be again to get more. Thanks

  11. Hi, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, fantastic blog!

  12. Very efficiently written post. It will be beneficial to everyone who usess it, including yours truly :). Keep doing what you are doing – for sure i will check out more posts.

  13. Good ?V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task..

  14. Thanks for every other great article. The place else may just anyone get that kind of information in such a perfect approach of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the look for such info.

  15. Can I just say what a aid to search out somebody who really is aware of what theyre talking about on the internet. You positively know how one can carry a problem to gentle and make it important. Extra people must read this and understand this side of the story. I cant consider youre not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  16. Im no longer certain where you’re getting your information, but good topic. I must spend some time studying more or figuring out more. Thanks for fantastic info I used to be searching for this info for my mission.

  17. Hi there would you mind letting me know which web host you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a reasonable price? Thank you, I appreciate it!

  18. Howdy very cool site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?KI’m glad to seek out numerous helpful information right here in the post, we’d like work out more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  19. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little analysis on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If possible, as you become expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more details? It is highly helpful for me. Big thumb up for this blog post!

  20. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You definitely know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

  21. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thank you!

  22. Aw, this was a really nice post. In thought I want to put in writing like this additionally – taking time and actual effort to make a very good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate alot and not at all appear to get something done.

  23. hello!,I really like your writing so a lot! proportion we keep in touch more about your article on AOL? I need an expert in this space to unravel my problem. May be that’s you! Having a look ahead to peer you.

  24. That is the right blog for anybody who wants to seek out out about this topic. You understand so much its nearly laborious to argue with you (not that I really would want…HaHa). You definitely put a brand new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Nice stuff, just nice!

  25. A powerful share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little bit evaluation on this. And he the truth is purchased me breakfast as a result of I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I really feel strongly about it and love reading extra on this topic. If potential, as you turn out to be expertise, would you mind updating your weblog with more particulars? It’s highly useful for me. Massive thumb up for this weblog put up!

  26. Along with every thing that seems to be building throughout this specific area, a significant percentage of points of view happen to be somewhat exciting. Nevertheless, I am sorry, because I do not give credence to your whole suggestion, all be it refreshing none the less. It would seem to everyone that your remarks are generally not entirely justified and in fact you are your self not really totally convinced of the assertion. In any event I did enjoy looking at it.

  27. It is in reality a nice and useful piece of information. I?¦m satisfied that you shared this useful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  28. I like the valuable info you provide on your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and take a look at once more here regularly. I am quite sure I will be told plenty of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  29. I am curious to find out what blog system you’re using? I’m experiencing some minor security problems with my latest website and I’d like to find something more safe. Do you have any recommendations?

  30. I’m not sure exactly why but this blog is loading very slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end? I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  31. hey there and thanks on your info – I’ve definitely picked up something new from proper here. I did then again experience some technical points the use of this web site, as I skilled to reload the web site lots of times prior to I may just get it to load properly. I have been brooding about in case your web hosting is OK? No longer that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading circumstances times will sometimes have an effect on your placement in google and could damage your high-quality ranking if ads and ***********|advertising|advertising|advertising and *********** with Adwords. Well I am including this RSS to my email and can glance out for a lot more of your respective exciting content. Make sure you update this again soon..

  32. Thank you for another fantastic post. The place else could anyone get that type of information in such an ideal means of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the search for such information.

  33. I am often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your site and keep checking for new information.

  34. I like what you guys are up too. Such intelligent work and reporting! Carry on the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my website 🙂

  35. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your site offered us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  36. Enjoyed looking through this, very good stuff, thankyou. “What the United States does best is to understand itself. What it does worst is understand others.” by Carlos Fuentes.

  37. An attention-grabbing discussion is worth comment. I believe that you should write more on this matter, it might not be a taboo subject however usually people are not enough to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  38. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is needed to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very internet savvy so I’m not 100 certain. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated. Thank you

  39. hello!,I like your writing very much! proportion we be in contact more about your article on AOL? I need an expert in this space to resolve my problem. May be that is you! Looking ahead to look you.

  40. My PhD dissertation had dozens of figures. At present I am trying to include just one or two pictures in my blog or scholarly article. Thanks for the comment.

  41. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Today bloggers publish only about gossips and web and this is really irritating. A good web site with exciting content, that is what I need. Thank you for keeping this web-site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Cant find it.

  42. My brother recommended I might like this web site. He was entirely right. This post truly made my day. You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  43. I was very pleased to find this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  44. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come
    across a blog that’s equally educative and engaging,
    and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
    The problem is something that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about.
    Now i’m very happy I found this during my hunt for something regarding this.

  45. Very good written article. It will be supportive to anybody who employess it, including me. Keep doing what you are doing – can’r wait to read more posts.

  46. Hey! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content. Please let me know. Many thanks

  47. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all people you really realize what you’re talking about! Bookmarked. Please additionally talk over with my website =). We could have a hyperlink change contract between us!

  48. This is the right blog for anyone who wants to find out about this topic. You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just great!

  49. Thanks for all your valuable hard work on this web page. My aunt take interest in carrying out investigations and it is simple to grasp why. We all notice all relating to the dynamic way you make both useful and interesting ideas by means of the blog and as well as cause participation from visitors on this concern while our own child is studying a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You have been doing a remarkable job.

  50. It’s really a nice and useful piece of info. I am glad that you shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  51. This design is wicked! You certainly know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  52. Howdy! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any points or suggestions? Appreciate it

  53. Thanks for another informative site. Where else could I get that kind of info written in such an ideal way? I have a project that I am just now working on, and I’ve been on the look out for such information.

  54. Good day! This post could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  55. I’m really loving the theme/design of your web site. Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility issues? A small number of my blog visitors have complained about my site not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox. Do you have any solutions to help fix this issue?

  56. You actually make it appear really easy along with your presentation however I in finding this matter to be actually one thing that I think I might by no means understand. It seems too complicated and extremely vast for me. I’m having a look forward in your subsequent put up, I will try to get the grasp of it!

  57. Everything is very open with a very clear
    description of the issues. It was truly informative. Your website is very helpful.
    Thanks for sharing!

  58. It is actually a nice and useful piece of information. I’m satisfied that you just shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  59. Hi there, just turned into aware of your blog thru Google, and found that it is really informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you happen to proceed this in future. Lots of other people will probably be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  60. Thanks a lot for providing individuals with remarkably superb opportunity to read from this website. It is usually very brilliant and full of fun for me personally and my office friends to visit the blog more than three times a week to learn the newest guides you will have. And of course, I’m also certainly impressed for the tremendous pointers you serve. Selected two tips in this posting are really the simplest we’ve had.

  61. I’d should verify with you here. Which is not one thing I normally do! I take pleasure in reading a publish that can make individuals think. Also, thanks for allowing me to remark!

  62. excellent publish, very informative. I wonder why the opposite specialists of this sector do not realize this. You must proceed your writing. I am sure, you have a great readers’ base already!

  63. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  64. Good day! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one? Thanks a lot!

  65. Have you ever thought about creating an ebook or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog based upon on the same ideas you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would appreciate your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e mail.

  66. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

  67. Hello! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  68. Very interesting points you have remarked, thankyou for putting up. “History is a cyclic poem written by Time upon the memories of man.” by Percy Bysshe Shelley.

  69. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  70. Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to mention that I have really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing for your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  71. I’d have to examine with you here. Which is not one thing I usually do! I take pleasure in reading a post that may make folks think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!

  72. Normally I don’t read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to take a look at and do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thanks, quite great article.

  73. I?¦ve read several good stuff here. Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how a lot effort you put to make one of these excellent informative web site.

  74. I am curious to find out what blog system you’re using? I’m experiencing some small security issues with my latest blog and I’d like to find something more secure. Do you have any suggestions?

  75. Pingback: cipro 500 mg
  76. Pingback: cialis 20
  77. Pingback: cheap viagra
  78. Pingback: viagra for sale
  79. Pingback: ed pills
  80. Pingback: ed pills for sale
  81. Pingback: cialis generic
  82. Pingback: canadian pharmacy
  83. Pingback: generic cialis
  84. Pingback: cheap vardenafil
  85. Pingback: vardenafil price
  86. Pingback: levitra pill
  87. Pingback: what is viagra
  88. Pingback: slot games
  89. Pingback: buy cialis generic
  90. Pingback: short term loans
  91. Pingback: installment loans
  92. Pingback: gambling near me
  93. Pingback: viagra cost
  94. Pingback: 5 mg cialis
  95. Pingback: cialis 20
  96. Pingback: buy cialis
  97. Pingback: Casinos 2020
  98. Pingback: cialis buy
  99. Pingback: new cialis
  100. Pingback: buy cialis
  101. Pingback: viagra dosage
  102. Pingback: chumba casino
  103. Pingback: casino
  104. Pingback: free slots
  105. Pingback: sildenafil generic
  106. Pingback: free viagra
  107. Pingback: otc viagra
  108. Pingback: viagra cost
  109. Pingback: buy viagra
  110. Pingback: viagra online
  111. Pingback: viagra cheap
  112. Pingback: viagra
  113. Pingback: viagra sale
  114. Pingback: cialis
  115. Pingback: cialis pills
  116. Pingback: generic cialis
  117. Pingback: cialis 20mg pills
  118. Pingback: Testing 58
  119. Pingback: qq1221
  120. Pingback: dunia21 terbaru
  121. Pingback: buy cialis 36 hour
  122. Pingback: buy cialis 36 hour
  123. Pingback: iadnoltz
  124. Pingback: order cialis
  125. Pingback: buy viagra
  126. Pingback: venta de viagra
  127. Pingback: essay on the help
  128. Pingback: lasix 20 mg
  129. Pingback: medicine zithromax
  130. Pingback: doxycycline hyc
  131. Pingback: clomid pct cycle
  132. Pingback: priligy review
  133. Pingback: diflucan 1
  134. Pingback: coupon synthroid
  135. Pingback: metformin coupons
  136. Pingback: Zakhar Berkut hd
  137. Pingback: 4569987
  138. Pingback: news news news
  139. Pingback: psy
  140. Pingback: psy2022
  141. Pingback: projectio-freid
  142. Pingback:
  143. Pingback: topvideos
  144. Pingback: video
  145. Pingback: Ukrainskie-serialy
  146. Pingback: site
  147. Pingback: top
  148. Pingback: bender na4alo 2021
  149. Pingback: chernaya vodova
  150. Pingback: 66181
  151. Pingback: ukraine
  152. Pingback: A3ixW7AS
  153. Pingback: gidonline
  154. Pingback: link
  155. Pingback: KremlinTeam
  156. Pingback:
  157. Pingback:
  158. Pingback:
  159. Pingback: purchase amoxil
  160. Pingback: furosemide cost us
  161. Pingback: gabapentin 202
  162. Pingback: plaquenil online
  163. Pingback: avana 156
  164. Pingback: buy provigil modup
  165. Pingback: ventolin inhaler
  166. Pingback: lasix 500 buy
  167. Pingback: gabapentin 400
  168. Pingback: buy plaquenil 0.5
  169. Pingback: ivermectin goodrx
  170. Pingback:
  171. Pingback: molnupiravir 400
  172. Pingback: latisse near me
  173. Pingback: chloroquine uk
  174. Pingback: olumiant lilly
  175. Pingback: 10 zanaflex
  176. Pingback: Anonymous
  177. Pingback: buy clomid
  178. Pingback: 3rpUI4X
  179. Pingback: 3rrZhf7
  180. Pingback: my-vse-mertvy-2022
  181. Pingback: ivermectin covid
  182. Pingback: sildenafil moa
  183. Pingback: ivermectin 200mg
  184. Pingback: tadalafil liquid
  185. Pingback: tadalafil warnings
  186. Pingback: buy online
  187. Pingback: cialis tablets
  188. Pingback: ivermectin generic
  189. Pingback: ivermectin ireland
  190. Pingback: lasix 10 mg pill
  191. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  192. Pingback: meritking
  193. Pingback: madridbet
  194. Pingback: meritking
  195. Pingback: eurocasino
  196. Pingback: trcasino
  197. Pingback: ielexusbet
  198. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  199. Pingback: eurocasino
  200. Pingback: eurocasino
  201. Pingback: yutub
  202. Pingback: madridbet
  203. Pingback: child porn
  204. Pingback: mazhor4sezon
  205. Pingback: filmfilmfilmes
  206. Pingback: gRh9UPV
  207. Pingback: TopGun2022
  208. Pingback: Xvideos
  209. Pingback: brand cialis
  210. Pingback: Netflix
  211. Pingback: FILM
  212. Pingback:
  213. Pingback:
  214. Pingback: ivermectin usa
  215. Pingback: psy online
  216. Pingback: do-posle-psihologa
  217. Pingback: bahis siteleri
  218. Pingback: D6tuzANh
  219. Pingback: chelovek-iz-90-h
  220. Pingback: 3NOZC44
  221. Pingback: 01211
  222. Pingback: film-tor-2022
  223. Pingback: hd-tor-2022
  224. Pingback:
  225. Pingback: 3architecture
  226. Pingback:
  227. Pingback: bucha killings
  228. Pingback: War in Ukraine
  229. Pingback: stats
  230. Pingback: web
  231. Pingback:
  232. Pingback:
  233. Pingback: rodnoe-kino-ru
  234. Pingback: confeitofilm
  235. Pingback:
  236. Pingback: sY5am
  237. Pingback: Dom drakona
  238. Pingback: JGXldbkj
  239. Pingback: aOuSjapt
  240. Pingback: porno}
  241. Pingback: A片
  242. Pingback: pornoizle}
  243. Pingback: Dim Drakona 2022
  244. Pingback: TwnE4zl6
  245. Pingback: psy 3CtwvjS
  246. Pingback: lalochesia
  247. Pingback: film onlinee
  248. Pingback: 3qAIwwN
  249. Pingback:
  250. Pingback: 000-1
  251. Pingback:
  252. Pingback:
  253. Pingback:
  254. Pingback: kamagra sildenafil
  255. Pingback:
  256. Pingback: brutv
  257. Pingback: site 2023
  258. Pingback: sitestats01
  259. Pingback:
  260. Pingback:
  261. Pingback:
  262. Pingback:
  263. Pingback: cenforce 150mg
  264. Pingback: define vardenafil
  265. Pingback: grandpashabet
  266. Pingback: bep5w0Df
  267. Pingback: www
  268. Pingback: icf
  269. Pingback: rusnewsweek
  270. Pingback:
  271. Pingback: klondayk2022
  272. Pingback: tqmFEB3B
  273. Pingback: 2022-film
  274. Pingback: sikiş
  275. Pingback: ABCD 1
  276. Pingback: mangalib
  277. Pingback: madridbet
  278. Pingback: betway slots
  279. Pingback: coinbase
  280. Pingback: xxxx
  281. Pingback: 9xflix
  282. Pingback: xnxx
  283. Pingback: 123movies
  284. Pingback: lolpix
  285. Pingback: kamagra viagra
  286. Pingback: priligy for sale

Leave a Reply